The research program proceeds through three research initiatives, in which the researchers are engaged in a problem-driven dialog across disciplines. The purpose of the initiatives is to achieve a project focus and clustering effect for dissertations. All initiatives take their application scenarios and use cases from the overall research challenge of supporting effective geospatial reasoning across age and cultures. All Initiatives will start with the first cohort of doctoral researchers in month 1, though assignment of doctoral researchers will not necessarily be balanced between them at any point in time. Rather, it will be a function of interests expressed in the admission process.